||We consider quantum-classical hybrid machine learning in which large-scale input channels remain classical and small-scale working channels process quantum operations conditioned on classical input data. This does not require the conversion of classical (big) data to a quantum superposed state, in contrast to recently developed approaches for quantum machine learning. We performed optical experiments to illustrate a single-bit universal machine, which can be extended to a large-bit circuit for a binary classification task. Our experimental machine exhibits quantum learning speedup of approximately 36%, as compared with the fully classical machine. In addition, it features strong robustness against dephasing noise.