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TITLE Dynamical stability of composite quantum particles: When entanglement is enough and when interaction is needed
KIAS AUTHORS Lee, Su-Yong
JOURNAL PHYSICAL REVIEW A, 2018
ARCHIVE quant-ph/1808.06379
ABSTRACT We consider an evolution of two elementary quantum particles and ask the question: under what conditions does such a system behaves as a single object ? It is obvious that if the attraction between the particles is stronger than any other force acting on them the whole system behaves as one. However, recent insight from the quantum information theory suggests that in bipartite systems it is not attraction per se that is responsible for the composite nature, but the entanglement between the parts. Since entanglement can be present between the subsystems that interacted in the past, but do not interact anymore, it is natural to ask when such an entangled pair behaves as a single object. We show that there are situations when entanglement is enough to observe single-particle behavior. However, due to the no-signaling condition, in general an interaction, or a post-selective measurement, is necessary for a complex collective behavior.
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